The Rwandan people [90%] hearts are bleeding with pain as the so called development is a big sham and insult to them. To even make matters worse, their tormentors-Rwanda Patriotic Front extremists have the most powerful godfathers on this planet; from the Illuminati, to the American street pick-pockets.
I’ve studied oppressive entities but this one in Rwanda is beyond….
Its only in Rwanda were the state can come and vandalise (cut-down your food) your garden that has fed an entire generation because they can do it, and are doing it even now. That’s why the autocracy has shamelessly decided to rename Rwanda Republic to Rwanda Inc. Thus, Rwanda is officially a Private company of Kagame and no longer a country for the people-by the people.
In kinyarwanda culture, home-steads have always planted several food crops as a form of food security and hunger management. In order to manage land scarcity, families woul plant a couple of Banana trees, while at the same-time, that small piece of land could be used to grow beans,potatoes, peas,etc.thus, every season a poor family was assured of a meal on the plate.
But today, the autocratic regime of RPF has violently forced the population from growing food crops but coffee for Starbucks, Tea for Jannet Kagame, Vanilla for Tony Blair,etc.
Okay, you might think that this is ridiculous and its not happening. Very wrong, because its happening and it has led to a large-scale food insecurity.
Maybe, the idea of growing a single crop would have been viable, if the small-holding farmers had the capacity to sell their product at a reasonable price. However, this’s not the case-what we have in place are politically run-semi cooperatives that use Cambodia Khmer Rouge’s type of extortion method. Thus, a gang of political party officials go around home-steads intimidating people to grow a particular crop and are given a particular date for harvesting. Those families that didn’t meet the harvest time, are accused of spending time in Congo with FDLR and their homes razed to the ground.
Those that met the deadline,surrendered their products to RPF party official that payed them peanuts, then took their products to a forth official, who then took the products to the main cooperative point as his products.
This has led thousands of families into despair-remember that employment opportunities are not available to all Rwandans especially those that are classified as Hutu and Twa.
In fact not all Tutsi have access to employment opportunities-regardless of their education background. As one has to have a Ugandan connection, royal to the RPF autocracy and has also undergone RPF ideological indoctrination.
Everyday 2-5 families are leaving Rwanda for Uganda and Congo as they can’t handle it anymore-in fact, 2 cases were reported in Byumba were families resorted to eating dogs, which is a taboo in Kinyarwanda culture. Not only that, but last month, a youth that plucked a single corn from a plantation that belongs to Jannet Kagame, was arrested and hacked to pieces by security operatives as a deterrent method.
I could go on and on….they’re so many horrible things that are happening to ordinary Banyarwanda. For instance, brewing traditional beer has also been stopped, Having a grass thatched house is also a crime, and this would lead to your house being razed and then expelled from your village. Horrible… horrible!!
Just like a Rwandan political commentator said a few days ago, “The problem with Kagame and his autocracy, is the failure to come out of the bush ways , when everything was done in the interest of armed rebels at the time, they have failed to realise that they now serve Banyarwanda and not a small clique of armed rebels”
This is a crisis that needs to be addressed, otherwise we could see an eruption of violence very soon.
However, most of these traits are at the brink of extinction in present day Rwanda.
The cultural leadership(Mwami) is still languishing in Exile. The cultural food and drinks is being aggresively destroyed in favor of foreign imports that are traded by the Kagame clique.
Its a criminal offence to brew Rwandan traditional beer(Urwagwa)-an offence that has not been put in statutes, but an RPF bush law that could easily lead to being killed-After 19 years, Rwanda Patriotic Front still has a bush mentality, and that’s why Rwandans haven’t stopped bleeding with pain to this day.
The Kihutu (kinyarwanda) dress code has become more of a ceremonial attire-in fact, Tyrant Kagame is ashamed to wear it, and has rarely worn it in public. Due to his inferiority complex, he prefers to dress in Italian designer suits. This inferiority complex could be attributed to lack of cultural leadership in the Country and in his upbringing-though monarchs are never democratic per say, but they do encourage and inspire its subjects to love their heritage.Thus, the Mwami is the custodian of all Banyarwanda heritage.
The half-baked policies of RPF autocracy are not the only one to blame, but western imperialism that has mentored Criminal Paul Kagame-Yankee culture is the biggest crap that is being imported to Rwanda. In fact, there’s more inward investment to Rwanda, for the youth to learn how to rap like gangsters(abusing their mothers and sisters), break dance like fools, Vandalism art, aka graffiti, basket ball, etc. than run inanga workshops.
The Nanga has been relegated to a decorative object, that can been found miserably hanged on a wall. Thus, our culture has been sentenced to death by hanging. The Inanga was frequently used to accompany storytelling or epic historical recounts, the inanga regularly supported important governmental functions and non-governmental celebrations. At one time the inanga was played in the royal court to sooth the mwami.
Rwandans are thought to have been primarily a vocal dynasty, that used praise songs [urugero], wrestling songs [amusare], hunting songs [amahigi], war songs [indirimbo z'ingabo], pastoral songs [amahambo], and choral songs [ibihozo] comprised the majority of these inherited traditional songs.
It was also played to incite war in years past. Despite its specific cultural and ethnic-based roots, the inanga remains a rich symbol of Rwandan cultural unity. Its no longer everyday sounds-cape of Rwanda, as the omnipresence of the sounds of electric guitars and keyboards(computerised) and the popular hits of artists such as Meddy, Diplomat, Miss Jojo, etc. have taken over.
The acoustic, plucked through-strung the strings- inanga functions as a musical badge of identity for members of all Rwandan ethnic groups (Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa). The musical instrument accompanies the strong, historically situated lyrics of players trained in a centuries-old tradition, while also introducing newer lyrics addressing important issues such as unity and reconciliation. The arrogant autocracy of RPF has overlooked the importance of this cultural tool, as they only believe in forced unity using the gun.
However, the RPF autocracy believes in Mchaka-Mchaka Marxists type of boot-camps to formulate the Unity and reconciliation of Banyarwanda. Now, this is what I call real bush mentality-”you can get the man out of the bush, but you can’t remove the bush out of him” said a tomato seller.
Before the Europeans arrived, Rwanda was there for several centuries with a socio-political unity, lined by natural borders, with a common language (Kihutu) and with common religious and philosophical principles.
For centuries there had been different tribes: Hutu (mainly farmers), Tutsi (mainly herdsmen) and Twa‟s (pygmies, hunters). The name “Tutsi‟ originally means ´he who owns cattle´ but gradually became an indication for “ruler‟, the leading elite.
The name ´Hutu´ originally means ´subordinate´ or ´client of a mighty person´ and finally became an indication for ´ordinary people´.
Tutsi started to differ due to marrying among themselves and different food especially diary products. These farmers and herdsmen lived in a relative peace, spoke the same language and had the same religion.
The majority married within the group in which they were raised, but marriages between the two groups were there as well.
The German Ruanda-Urundi and Belgian colonial mandate
Europeans wanted to avoid carrying the war into their colonies … but that was not the case in Rwanda Urundi. August 15, 1914, German troops based in Rwanda Urundi cut the telegraph line along Lake Tanganyika and bombed villages around Lake Tanganyika. On August 22, a German ship opened fire on Lukuga port. Following the attack, the Minister of Belgian Colonies, Renkin sent a telegram to the governors of the Congo and Vice-Governor of Katanga ordering military action to defend the territory …
On 18 April 1916, the Belgian offensive was triggered on the order of General Tombeur. The attacking forces included two groups: those of colonels Molitor (north), and Olsen (south). The first day, the brigade occupied Olsen Island Gumbo (southern Lake Kivu). The next day,Shangugu (Cyangugu) fell. Brigade Molitor made U turn from Uganda(Kabale) to Kigali on May 6 1916.Les German forces from Burundi commanded by Captain Von Languenn opposed a vigorous resistance, but could not stand before the Belgian numerical superiority. May 19, 1916, Major Muller occupied Nyanza. June 6, Usumbura fell under Belgian forces commanded by Colonel Thomas.
Kitega was taken on June 17 Rwanda and Burundi got occupied.
Following the Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost its colonies in favor of the victorious countries. The League would award a mandate to the Belgians on Rwanda Urundi. Can you imagine???
The Belgians in Rwanda
The Germans had left the local governing structure (consisted of the king (mwami) and his chiefs) intact; although the mwami was subject to the authority of a white man with a white army to maintain this authority. The rebellions in German East-Africa were suppressed harshly and several hundred thousands were killed.
As of 1900, monks (Patres Albi) and some protestant missionaries resided in Rwanda. Out of practical (political-church) motives the religious workers cooperated with the German and later Belgian colonial governors. All types of tasks (food-supply, road maintenance, transport for the ruler) were organised by them. Refusal to work was punished in a military way(the exact things RPF is doing to Rwandans) and this did not contribute to the spreading of the “good news”, but forced religious indoctrination.
These Patres Albi were painfully unpopular, also because of forced Catholicism.
The mass and teaching were in Latin-In 1931 king Musinga was deposed because he didn’t cooperate enough with the ruler and was replaced with his son, Mutara III. He was later baptized in 1946 and dedicated Rwanda to Christ. Rwanda was seen as of then as a role model of a catholic state.
In the 1920′s the Belgian colonialists changed the Rwandan state because of a more efficient administration and the delicate native balance of power. The people were forced to grow coffee, up to 50% of their working hours, often whipped if they were not willing and severe taxes were imposed.
Belgian soldiers were active from 1917 to 1958, contributed to the maintenance of a colonial system in Rwanda. Thus, they run an indirect management, based on the support and protection of a Tutsi monarchy, at the expense of the vast majority Hutu population.
At first the Belgians followed the same rule of indirect rule, but later started to interfere more and more in the existing structures.
The ‘Tutsification’ of Rwanda
Thus, Hutus were discharged from powerful positions and refused higher education. The Tutsis gratefully accepted this role. To empower the new situation and legitimise it, the Church (especially Mgr Léon Classe) brought up the myth of ethnic superiority. Tutsis were claimed to be of the Chamitic race (of Cham, Noah‟s son) and were closer to the white race which would explain their superiority (a version of “social Darwinism”, a theory of “evolution” of the people that was practiced in that era).
In short, the Tutsi became brainwashed into believing that they’re born leaders, and should be the reigning class. To explain this racial difference they performed all kinds of “scientific” tests of skulls, noses and sexual organs (similar to how the Nazi‟s wanted to prove the superiority of the Arian race in Europe). Using the educational system many generations in Rwanda were fooled by this race-hypothesis.
The Tutsis too, believed in the Nazi race superiority hypothesis,and imposed forced hard-labour on the hutus. Those who did not obey, were violently ill-treated by the Tutsi bosses.
Since identification based on external features seemed difficult the Belgians started a compulsory registration as of
birth in the thirties. Each person had to declare to which group he belonged (Twa, Hutu or Tutsi) and this was recorded on his ID-card. Everyone with more than 10 cows was automatically labelled as Tutsi. This written registration destroyed the self-image of the people of Rwanda towards their own identity. Thus, the foundations for the later post-colonial ethnic tensions and political instability had been laid.
The government Force was composed of:
- Only Belgian officers
- Junior-officers were mainly Belgians and Congolese natives.
- Soldiers who were recruited among Congolese.
Congo got its independence and this was an opportunity to exclude Belgians from the national Force. Patrick Lumumba, the then Prime Minister gave instructions to Congolese soldiers in Rwanda to leave and return to their own country. For this reason, the Territorial Guard of Rwanda – Burundi was created on the 13th June 1960, before elections took place. Few days later a school for junior-officers for both Rwanda and Burundi was created in Usumbura. This type of command for both countries helped to initiate a local military training for whose command was extended to those two countries.
The Rwandese territorial guard command was given to Major François Vanderstraeten. Many Belgian deputy officers from different ranks were sent to Rwanda to support their staff.
The colonial military used the “ piglet system” to eliminate some individuals just like what the RPF is doing today. No wonder, they used to tell Congolese before Killing Hutus that when you hear any wailing sounds, just know its pigs being slaughtered and you shouldn’t worry.
It was a system that scrutinised people basing on physical tests. Although Tutsi were allowed to join the military, it was very hard for them to be admitted. Military officers would do whatever they could to make them fail.
The Rwandese section of the school for junior officers was transferred from Usumbura to Astrida (Butare) in November 1960. Some divisions, and the likes of platoons, were created in provinces. On November 10, 1960 the school for officers was opened and seven students registered.
Some of the students were; Juvenal Habyarimana, Aloys Nsekalije, Bonaventure Ubalijoro and six of them were promoted to the rank of 2nd lieutenant on December 23, 1961.
During the period between December 1962 and July 1967, Rwanda encountered different incursions of “Inyenzi” Tutsi resistance fighters, consequently, new units were created and established on the boarder. In December 1973, the National Guard was called Rwandese Army.
In 1978, the National Army was merged by the National Police Force (Gendarmerie) and later became the Rwandese Army Force6 (F.A.R).
In 1946 Rwanda became a Trust-ship of the United Nations, which meant that the Belgians would prepare the area for independence (which happened on July 1, 1962). In the years after WWII everywhere in Africa movements for independence started to mushroom.
In addition a post-war generation of Belgian rulers was more aware of the problems of the suppressed people, the Hutus. The Hutus were appointed now in junior governmental positions and were allowed to receive education in seminaries. A new reversed myth was born: the Hutu was no longer the dumb, dirty farmer, but a people that had suffered under a Tutsi tyranny for ages. Tutsis were no longer the sophisticated, related to white aristocrats, chosen to reign, but were now portrait as an underhand for colonialists and bloodthirsty warriors who had shed a trail of blood from Ethiopia all the way to Rwanda.
In 1957 the ´Bahutu-manifesto was published-that expressed the will for emancipation of the Hutus. The church with Mgr Perraudin as spokesman supported this document fully.
In 1959 the violence against Tutsis started and ten thousands fled over the border to Congo, Tanzania and Uganda (between 1959 and 1973 approximately 700.000; later they did not receive permission to return). In the colonial army all Tutsi chiefs were replaced by Hutus.
In the same year the moderate king Mutara III Rudahigwa died under strange circumstance (he died shortly after a vaccination by a Belgian doctor; many people in Rwanda consider it a murder). His half brother Kigeli V succeeded him, but after a trip to the UN in New York, access to Rwanda was denied by the Belgian governor Harry. Rwanda was made a republic with a Belgian stamp.
What do we all learn from this??
The fact of being a Mututsi, Muhutu or Mutwa never depends on the origin as portrayed by the western imperialists because none of the Rwandan people knew or thought that they came from different places on different times. These issues of origin and migration were colonial concepts.
In terms of social formation, some people who acquired a given status whether lower or higher could join easily another category or class of people. In this case, a Muhutu who acquired a good number of cows gained the status of a Mututsi and this was commonly known as ‘kwihutura’, likewise, when a Mututsi was impoverished and began to cultivate, he could be categorized easily as a Muhutu.
The fact is that, imperialists found these ‘classes’ in Rwanda, under the monarchy. Typical of any monarchy, Rwandan monarchy too practiced some kind of oppression based on these classes. However, they did not go far like the coloniolists or even the RPF today.Thus, they were a bit tolerant.
The Reason Why Banyarwanda are suffering, is how adults continue to brainwash generations of Banyarwanda with nonsense:
Gihanga had three sons equally courageous. He did not know seasons for any growing.By then people cultivated anytime. As a result, crops were sometimes good and others bad.
One day, Gihanga sent his sons Gahutu & Gatutsi to Kibariro (the cultivator) to have appropriate information on cultivation.
Before Gahutu and Gatutsi arrived, they came to the place where people were slaughtering a cow. Gahutu told them “let me show you how to do it” he cut up the cow and he was given some meat for the work done. Gahutu put the meat on Gatutsi’s head and continued. They arrived to Kibariro who had organized a collective work in his
Those who were cultivating gave Gahutu and Gatutsi some beer. Gatutsi did not want to drink, but Gahutu did so. When Kibariro saw that Gatutsi refused to drink, he called him and gave it to him in a secret place alone.
Gahutu told Kibariro that they had a message addressed to him by their father Gihanga. Kibariro responded that he would receive it at night. They went to sleep. At night Gahutu started vomiting and because of that, Gatutsi went to sleep in the same room as Kibariro. When Kibariro woke up he asked his wife why Gihanga’s sons did not come to
deliver to him the message sent by father. He added: “if they come late, I will tell them
nothing or I will lie to them.”
Kibariro began to tell his wife about different seasons of cultivation. “The first month is September and when it appears people saw beans. Fields are prepared for sorghum in October and November. It is cut and harvested in July and then cows come to graze at these places; August is the end of the year. Thus Gatutsi who was in the same room heard all these and returned to his guesthouse.
The following morning, when Gahutu got up, he went to Kibariro but Kabiriro lied to him.
Every time Gahutu asked for more explanations, Kibariro would tell him that he could not talk to deaf people.
They went back home and when Gihanga saw them; he felt happy and demanded for a report. Gahutu said that Kibariro talked too so much that he could understand nothing.
Gihanga got angry, because his eldest son could not provide the required information. Gatutsi took his father aside and told him all about the seasons and the bad behavior of Gahutu during their trip. Gihanga ordered Gatutsi to kill Gahutu, but he refused.
Gihanga told Gahutu; “You will not be a chief as planned, but Gatutsi will be your master; he will scorn Gatwa.” Since then and thereafter Gahutu did not sleep and Gihanga told him that he would be Gatutsi’s watchman and his client. Moreover, he would receive milk from Gatutsi and would have no cows. Gatwa would be the carrier for Gatutsi.
I’m sure you’ve been told other versions
Imana created Hutu, Tutsi and Twa and the girl. One day, Imana called them and poured some milk in four pots and gave one to each one. Imana asked them to keep the milk without sleeping until he would come back. They waited but got tired.
The foam of Gahutu’s milk got out the pot and fell on his hands. He licked it. The Tutsi milk also did the same a bit. The girl’s milk foam poured on her breasts. Gatwa waited for a long time, got annoyed and drank the whole milk and slept.
When Imana came back, he asked questions to everybody to know what happened. Then Imana fixed the destiny of
To Hutu whose milk poured on his hands said to him; “work in fields for Tutsi and make baskets and carpets for him”.
For the girl, Imana said, “your milk is in your breasts. Let Hutu marry you and give you milk”. For Tutsi who kept some of his milk, Imana said, “if you get ten cows, five will die and you will stay with five. If you have twenty cows, ten will die and you will remain with ten”.
For Twa, Imana said, “go and be a porter, damned for Tutsi so that he gives something, damned for the king so
that he gives you something”.
Gahutu and Gatutsi were walking together and met Imana. He called Gahutu and ordered him to beat the earth; Gahutu had planed to travel and die, he refused and said, “No, my father, I cannot beat the earth with my stick”.
Imana ordered the same thing to Gatutsi who obeyed and suddenly a flock of cows got out the earth.
Then Imana told Gahutu, “You are Hutu, you think much about your life. Gatutsi must be your boss”.
Gahutu regretted what he had done and thus Hutu were dominated by Tutsi because they were not intelligent.
Next-time I’ll look at Why 1st, 2nd and 3rd Republics, have been characterised by ethnic and regional discrimination in almost all areas.